Learning Outcomes for Chapter 6

To master the material in this chapter, a student needs to know...

  1. how to balance an acid/base reaction
  2. the Arrhenius and Lowry-Bronsted definitions of acids and bases
  3. the names and formulas of the 7 strong acids and the 8 strong bases we covered
  4. how to identify the conjugate base of an acid and vice versa
  5. the definition and how to calculate the pH, pOH, and pK for solutions/substances
  6. what percent ionization is and how to apply it and calculate from it - predict pH
  7. how to convert a given concentration of a weak base or acid and the resulting pH into a percent ionization
  8. how to convert the concentration and percent ionization into a Ka or Kb
  9. what the definition of neutral water is
  10. how the pH scale works and how we describe the ranges - strongly acidic, distinctly acidic, slightly acidic, fairly neutral, and perfectly neutral - plus the analogous basic ranges as well
  11. how to identify conjugate acid/base pairs
  12. how to calculate the volume needed to reach the equivalence point of a given titration (neutralization)
  13. how to use titration data to determine the original concentration of a solution of acid or base
  14. what causes acid rain and how it can be prevented
  15. the chemistry of dissolving a salt into water
  16. the chemistry and results of dissolving CO2 into water/rain

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