Chemical nomenclature is the naming of Chemical substances. There are tons of resources for you to check out and learn how to name simple compounds and molecules. You can start with the gchem site that has a section on nomenclature. After that, you should check out the OpenStax chemistry book for even more info on how to name compounds. Yes, even Wikipedia has a section on chemical nomenclature although maybe more esoteric.

I do have a nice listing in the Appendix (Chapter 10) of some common polyatomic ions that are used in naming many common ionic compounds. There is also a listing of the some common alkanes. You should memorize these simple sets (ok, just the first 10 alkanes) as a starting point for nomenclature.

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